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| Upper Austria
Burgenland is the most southern region and also the "youngest" in Austria: it has a surface area of approximately 4 000 square kilometres and its capital town is Eisenstadt. From an administrative point of view the region is subdivided into seven districts, while the two towns of Eisenstadt and Rust, having the status of "Free Towns" have autonomous administrative structures. 270 880 inhabitants, equivalent to 3.5% of the Austrian population make Burgenland the smallest region in Austria. Of the 397 km, which make up the border at least 356 km correspond to the border with Hungary.
The physical aspect of Burgenland, situated along the boundary of the Pannonic Flatland is characterised even today by an idyllic climate typical of rural areas so much that even Eisenstadt the region's political, cultural and social centre has a mere 10 000 inhabitants. Other important urban centres in the region are Mattersburg, Oberpullendorf and Oberwart. The structure of the local population is distinguished by a completely peaceful coexistence of ethnic groups of a German, Croatian and Magyar origin and - from a religious point of view - from Catholic and Evangelist people; this aspect characterises in a profuse manner the cultural, folk and social life in Burgenland.
Carinthia is the most southern region of Austria and is situated between the 3797 m high Grossglockner and the peaks of the Gurktaler Alps in the North and the Carnic Alps and Caravanche mountain range in the South; it has an area of 9,534 square kilometres and a population of 550,000. Together with the bordering countries of Italy and Slovenia Carinthia represents a true and valid "Door to the South". Thanks to its geographical position the land boasts a high average amount of sun. Its lakes - the warmest in the Alps - where it is obviously possible to go bathing lend an almost Mediterranean characteristic to this region.
Whether it is winter, summer or autumn it is always worth visiting Carinthia. This southern Austrian region is fascinating above all for its pleasant summer climate: 1270 lakes and small waterways with an overall surface area of over 60 square kilometres and water, classified almost everywhere drinkable offer the possibility of swimming and pleasant moments of recreation. The golf courses in Carinthia are of such a level as to surprise even professionals. Sports and recreational facilities including: 280 sports centres, 285 gyms, over 300 tennis courts, rifle ranges and practice walls are available.
In winter it is possible to do winter sports and to "fill up" with enjoyment in more than 20 ski resorts and on the frozen lakes. In spring and autumn the uncontaminated nature of Carinthia makes it ideal for charming walks, bike rides and excursions in the mountains. The fact that there are 210 000 beds available, 15 million overnight stays in summer and 3 million in winter speaks for itself. It is calculated that tourists spend approximately 1.286 billion Euros in Carinthia.
The largest among the Austrian lands has 1.5 million inhabitants, covers a territory of 19,173 km2 and surrounds the federal Austrian capital Vienna.
It´s divided into cities with their own statute (Krems, St.Pölten, Waidhofen/Ybbs, Wiener Neustadt) 21 administration districts and 571 villages. In 1986 St.Pölten became capital of Lower Austria.
It borders the Czech Republic in the North, Slovakia in the East, Burgenland in the Southeast, Styria in the South and Upper Austria in the West. The river Danube splits the land from West to East into two equal parts. You find the hilly Waldviertel region in the North and the Weinviertel region in the East.
The Waldviertel, which received its name because of the rich forest stand is rising up to a high plateau and reaching almost 1000 m altitude. The Manhartsberg mountain divides the country into the Weinviertel and Waldviertel regions. Wine growing is popular in the wide valleys and on loess grounds.
The SalzburgerLand - with its primary river the Salzach - lies between Upper Austria, Styria, Carinthia, Tyrol and Bavaria ( Germany ). Runnig through the south are the main ranges of the Central Alps with numerous 3000 m peaks. The Dachstein Massif and the Berchtesgaden Alps border the SalzburgerLand to the east and north.
"A piece of Paradise" words used by Carl Zuckmayr to describe his adopted homeland the SalzburgerLand. This is a land marked by the impressive combination of mountains and lakes, rivers and forests, delightful villages and prosperous cities.
From hearty Salzburg cooking to the very best haute cuisine the SalzburgerLand has so much to offer. The SalzburgerLand's top-notch reputation is underscored by the organic produce from its numerous organic farms together with the highly nutritious foods of its other producers such as the SalzburgerLand Milkparadise, beer breweries and many more.
Styria is situated in the southeastern part of Austria where the Alps pass over from the high to the lower mountain regions. The second biggest Austrian province has about 1.2 million inhabitants (240,000 live in Graz) and covers a total area of 16,388 km2. The neighbouring provinces of Styria are Burgenland in the East, Upper and Lower Austria in the North, Salzburg and Carinthia in the West and Slovenia in the South. It is divided into the city of Graz, 16 political districts, 543 villages and 108 cities.
Upper Styria is bounded by the Calcareous Alps in the North (Dachstein, Totes Gebirge, Ennstaler Alpen, Hochschwab, Schneeberg and Rax mountain chains). The highest Styrian mountain is also located here - the Hohe Dachstein (2,996m). The so called spine of Styria is represented by the Lower Tauern mountains with their marvellous mountain lakes (Schladminger, Wölzer, Rottenmanner and Seckauer Tauern chains). The lower foothills in Eastern Styria end in the woods of the Fischbacher Alps, the Jogglland region and the Wechsel mountains. In the west, central Styria is connected by the Packalpe, Stubalpe and Gleinalpe mountains with the Grazer Becken basin. The lower course of the Mur river, which is the main river in Styria, divides the hilly region into eastern and western Styria.
On its way to the Salzburg Lungau region and the Drau streamlet the Mur river is gathering almost two thirds of all Styrian waters. The second biggest river is the river Enns which leaves Styria towards the Gesäuse mountains in the north. The river Raab is the biggest river in eastern Styria. Southern Styria with its characteristic poplar and cypress trees, that cover the wine hills, is reminiscent of southern regions like the Toskana.
Tyrol is different!
There is nowhere that combines such delightful landscapes, gentle meadows, rugged cliffs, clear mountain water and such friendly, hospitable people. And all of these ingredients combine to create a holiday, which suits every individual.
Tyrol is the county in the mountains in the center of Europe. Its proud summits and pictorial valleys, its majestic rocks and gentle meadows, its sparkling mountain lakes and magnificent glaciers attract people from all over the world. The fascinating mountain world of Tyrol offers diverse possibilities for sport and adventure and also for quiet, spiritual contemplation both in summer and winter.
Those who know Upper Austria love to call it mini Austria. Here in fact can be found - in a reduced form - all the many characteristics typical of this Alpine-Danube country: snow-covered peaks in the South, crystalline mountain lakes, the fertile land at the foothills of the Alps, the industrial and urbanised areas around the capital town Linz and the mountains covered in woodland in the North. Man has left various imprints on this land, many of which are topological.
On an economic level the framework is made up of small and medium-sized businesses, while the large metallurgical industries are concentrated in regional centres. Particularly active are also the tourism and agricultural sectors. Next to the signs of flourishing economic activity Upper Austria presents everywhere evidence of a rather varied cultural life that is expressed in its civilian and ecclesiastical architecture, in its figurative arts, in music and literature, in its usages and customs and last but not least in the sciences.
Even though Upper Austria in its present situation has only a few centuries of life its land has been populated by man as far back as the First Stone Age. It gave its name to an important anthropological period the Hallstatt civilisation (900 - 400 BC) whose name derives from the salt mines of the city more than 3000 years old and which carries the mark of the Illyrian culture; following the Illyrians were the Celts, the Romans, the Slavs and lastly the Germans, who with the Bavarians colonised these lands indefinitely. Today Upper Austria has a surface area of 11,980 square kilometres with a population of 1,300,000 who speak mostly Bavarian dialect.
Vorarlberg, the most western province of Austria has an area of 2601 km2 and a population of 331,500. It is devided into four political districts: Bludenz, Bregenz, Dornbirn and Feldkirch and has 96 municipalities.
The "land in front of the Arlberg" is only accessible via passes and the Arlberg tunnel from the other Austrian provinces. To the east it borders on Tirol, to the west and the south on Switzerland and Liechtenstein and to the north on Germany. The Kleinwalsertal valley situated in the northeast outside the mountain range is only accessible via Germany.
Vorarlberg is a land of mountains. Two thirds of the area lie above 1000m. Lake Constance and the wide Alpine Rhine valley determine the landscape and the climate in the northwestern part of the province. Bregenz the capital situated at the edge of the Bregenzerwald, a region of mountains, hills and deep-cut valleys marks the entrance. In the sunny, wide Rhein valley, a transit route to the heart of Vorarlberg, fruits and wine are grown.
Winter holidays in the Alps have always been something special. Vorarlberg is the second smallest federal country of Austria, yet one which has plenty of attractions to offer. The "land in front of the Arlberg" has some of the most impressive landscapes of Europe. Touring untouched areas with certified mountain guides. Reaching summits inaccessible by cableways, gliding over groomed trails on cross-country skis or exploring the area in snowshoes or climbing boots. Our countryside is also packed with adventure without skis. And nearly everything can be learned here. A world worth exploring for sports and leisure time activities. In short: a region for relaxing the body and soul.
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