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Austrian provinces and capitals

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Austria Tourist Guide:
Austrian provinces and capitals
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The total area of the easternmost province of Austria is 3 965, 46 km.. To the northeast it borders with Hungary. Its capital city is Eisenstadt. The province consists of 7 districts and 2 cities (Eisenstadt and Rust). The great majority of the inhabitants is German. Once the province belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary. Despite the Turkish attacks plenty of castles, churches and fortresses remained. The cultural centre of Burgenland is Eisenstadt. Also Joseph Haydn worked here for years. This province is not the most prominent one concerning tourism but bicycle tours are notable in throughout the region.

Eisenstadt: The city is located 12 km far from Sopron (Hungarian border). Once it was the centre of the iron trade. In Eisenstadt it is worth visiting the Esterházy castle, the Haydn Museum, the Franciscan church and cloister as well as the dome.

Most important sights of the region: Neusiedlersee, the Esterházy castle and the Haydn Museum in Eisenstadt, the castle of Forchtenstein and Güssing, the castle ruins of Landsee, the gothic church of Mariasdorf


Carinthia famous for its mountain ranges and lakes is the southernmost province of Austria. The total area of the province is 9 535, 97 km., its capital city is Klagenfurt. The majority of the inhabitants of this region are German-speaking people. Wörther See the famous lake of Carinthia located west from Klagenfurt drags a lot of tourists to the region during the summer. Except for Wörther See the following lakes are also popular: Millstätter See, Ossiacher See and Weißensee. In addition to the lakes mountains and alpine landscapes are also beloved by the tourists in summer. The most popular ski centres of the province are Bad Kelinkirchheim, Nassfeld, Innerkrems and Gerlitzen.

Klagenfurt: The city is situated at the eastern part of the lake Wörther See. The summer is usually very hot and winter is long and very cold. During the past years the city burned down and was rebuilt several times so today it is a modern city. The symbol of Klagenfurt is a dragon (Lindwurm). The most important sights of the city are: the Minimundus, the Lindwurm fountain, Hochosterwitz castle and the baroque cathedral.

Most important sights of the region: Klagenfurt and Villach, St. Paul's abbey in Lavanttal, lakes: Wörther See, Ossiacher See, Faaker See and Millstätter See, ski centres: Nassfeld/Hermagor, Gerlitzen, Bad Kleinkirchheim and Heiligenblut, Gurk cathedral, Hochosterwitz castle, Großglockner the highest mountain of Ausztria and the area of Nockberge.

Lower Austria

The largest province with its area of 19 177,78 km. is located at the north-eastern part of Austria. Its capital is St. A province is divided into the following regions: Waldviertel ("Forest quarter") and Weinviertel ("Vine quarter") Industrieviertel, ("Industry quarter") and Mostviertel ("Must quarter"). Mostviertel and the bigger cultural centres are the most popular among with the tourists. On the other hand rural tourism is also improving. In winter the ski centres attract a lot of people to the area. The highlights of Lower Austria are the cloisters, castles, museums, exhibitios, open-air stages, organisations as well as festivals.

St. Pölten: The city is located in the south-western part of the region in the Mostviertel ("Must quarter"). During the past 20 years St. Pölten became the cultural centre of Lower Austria. Int he city it is worth visiting the City hall, the dome, the Franciscan church, the Ochsenburg castle, the City Museum and the Bishop's court.

Most important sights of the region: Cloisters (Melk, Dürnstein, Seitenstetten, Göttweig, Klosterneuburg, Zwettl), castles with constant exhibitions (Schallaburg, Schloss Grafenegg, Schloss Thürnthal, Schloss Wilfersdorf, Schloss Hof), StateMuseum of Lower Austria, the roman excavations in Caruntumban, the Prehistory Museum, open-air stages in Berndorf, Stockerau, Langenlois and Rosenburg

Upper Austria

Upper Austria is located in the northern part of Austria in the Danube valley. The total area of the region is 11.981,92 km. and its capital is Linz. It is the province of the mysterious forests, clear lakes and streams, green fields, water and mountain ranges. You can find the Kalkalpen National Park and the Rechberg National Park in this area. The region favours those tourists who are fond of adventure, hiking or bycicle tours. The 170m deep Attersee the clearest lake of Austria is located also in Upper Austria. It is also worth visiting Hallstatt, the town close to which a roman burying-place can be found as well as the Aistersheim Water Castle, the Castle of Greinburg and the Cloister of Kremsmünster.

Linz: Linz the third biggest city of Austria is divided into two parts by the Danube River. In 2009 Linz will be the cultural capital of Europe. The city awaits the tourists with plenty of sights such as the Main square, the Old dome, the State Museum of Upper Austria, the Castle, the Bishop's Palace and the Botanical Garden.

Most important sights of the region: Linz, Hallstatt, lakes in the region of Salzkammergut , Kalkalpen National Park, Rechberg National Park, State Museum of Upper Austria, Ars Electronica Center, the Gahberg Observatoty, the caves of Dachstein


Salzburg located at the northern part of the Alps is one of the smallest provinces of Austria. The total area of the province is 7154,23 km.. Its capital is also called Salzburg. This region offers plenty of programmes for the visitors. You can find the Eisriesenwelt, the largest system of ice caves of Europe, the Krimml waterfall and a lot of salt mines in this province. The two world famous spa towns of Ausztria Bad Gastein and Bad Hofgastein await those who would like to relax enjoying pleasant water. In winter you can choose among various ski areas such as Sportwelt Amadé (St. Johann im Pongau, Flachau, Zauchensee, Wagrain), Hochkönig Winterreich (Dienten ma Hochkönig, Maria Alm), Europasportregion (Kaprun, Zell am See), Saalbach Hinterglemm, Obertauern, Gasteinertal (Bad Gastein, Bad Hofgastein, Dorfgastein), Wildkogel Arena (Neukirchen am Großvenediger), Werfenweng and Lofer.

Salzburg: The town is also called Mozartstadtnak (Mozart-town) is nevezik. The famous composer was born here and spent half his life in the town. Salzburg is one of the oldest towns in Austria with a significant cultural background. For instance you can find Hellbrunner Allee the oldest alley of the world and Festung Hohensalzburg the biggest fortress of Central Europe here. In the town there are altogether 39 conservation areas (eg. Kapuzinerberg, Salzachsee, Saalachspitz, Mönschberg, Reinberg) and only one nature reservation the Hammerauer Moor. If you visit Salzburg it is worth visiting the Old Town, the Hellbrunn castle, the Hellbrunn alley, the Mozart monument, the Town Hall square, the Mirabell castle with its beautiful garden, the dome of Salzburg, the Franciscan church.

Most important sights of the region: Eisriesenwelt, the waterfall of Krimml, spas in Bad Gastein and Bad Hofgastein, the ski areas, Salzkammergut, Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse, Liechtensteinklamm, Salzburg, Kapuzinerberg, the lakes: Wallersee, Zellersee, Mattsee, Wolfgangsee, the Mirabell castle and garden, Hellbrunn castle and alley, the Mozart monument


Styria is situated at the south-eastern part of Austria. Its capital is Graz. The region with its toatl area of 16,388 km. is the second largest Austrian province. Styria consists of Upper Styria, West Styria and East Styria. The province has three main rivers, the Enns, the Mura and the Raba. The region is very rich in forests that is why it has been the logging centre of Austria. It is a favourable destination among the hunters and tourists. It is worth visiting the Schloss Herbstein Zoo and Nature Park in Stubenberg am See. You can find the largest cheetah population of Europe in this ZOO. The most popular castle of the region is the Schloss Eggenberg in Graz. One of the tourist attractions of Styria is the Riegersburg, the history of which dates back to the 11th century.

Graz: With its four universities Graz is one of the most important university cities of Austria. The city is divided into two parts by the River Mura and is surrounded by mountains. In 2003 it was the Cultural Capital of Europe. The old Town of Graz belongs to the World Heritage Sites of the UNESCO. The main sights of the city are also located here. These are for example the Schlossberg, the City Hall, the City Park and the Opera House, the Botanical Garden and the Franciscan church. It is worth visiting also the Eggenberg Castle surrounded by a beautiful park. The city gives home for numerous festivals and organisations every year. These are for example the Spring Festival, the Jazz-Summer Graz, the Styriarte etc.

Most important sights of the region: Schloss Herbstein Zoo and Nature Park, the Riegersburg, the Obenkapfenberg Castle, the Schlossberg in Graz, the Dachstein mountain, the Mariatrost Basilika in Graz, the Mausoleum of Emperor Ferdinand II, the House of Arts, the castle ruins in Gösting, the Dome in Graz, the City Museum in Graz


Tyrol is located at the western part of Austria. Its capital is Innsbruck. In Austria there are only 2 parts of Tyrol situated in Austria. These are North and East Tyrol. You can find the Grossglockner one of the highest mountain ranges in this region. 40% of the total area of the province is covered with forests. The best ski resorts such as Kitzbühel, Wilder Kaiser, Ischgl and St. Anton offer a pleasant winter holiday for everyone. The mountains offer furthermore hiking paths. The province favours the fans of water sports also. Many people visit Tyrol because of its cultural organizations and events.

Innsbruck: Innsbruck is the fifth biggest city of Austria. The city hosted the Winter Olympics in 1964 and 1976. Innsbruck attracts the tourists in winter and summer as well. It is worth visiting the Hofburg, the Ambras Castle, the Ottoburg and the Wilten Basilica in the city centre. Also make an excursion to the 2000m high Seegrube. From the top you can enjoy the beautiful panorama in summer and in winter as well.

Most important sights of the region: Grossglockner, Seegrube, Hofburgot, Ambras Castle, Ottoburg, Wilten Basilica, Rafoldi Park, Land Museum of Tyrol, Maria Theresia Street


Vorarlberg is the westernmost and the second smallest province of Austria. Its capital is Bregenz and its largest city is Dornbirn the centre of the textiles. In this city it is worth visiting the Land Museum of Voralrberg and the Rolls Royce Museum. The province is located between the Arlberg Mountain and the Lake Boden. The highest mountain of the region is the Piz Buin with its 3.312 m height. The delta of the Rhine is the favourite relaxing and breeding place of many bird species. The province offers numerous recreation possibilities. It has approx. 300 km of cycle track. The Festive Games of Bregenz are organized every summer at the Lake Constance. You can find the Pfänder Mountain near Bregenz to which you can get in 10 minutes using the lift. Take a walk in the animal park and watch a real show of raptorial birds.

Bregenz: The city was funded on a plateau 2000 years ago. Sometime Romans lived here. The city consists of 2 parts: the Upper City and the Lower City. The Upper city with the original city wall from the 16th century is the older part. Its main sight is the St. Martin Tower. The City Hall built in 1686 can be found in the Lower City. With its numerous theatres and galleries the city is the cultural centre of the province.

Most important sights of the region: Lake Boden, Lake Constance, Piz Buin Mountain, Pfänder Mountain, Dornbirn, Rolls Royce Museum, Land Museum of Vorarlberg, Festive Games of Bregenz, the St. Martin tower in Bregenz, the City Hall, the St. Gallus church


Vienna is the smallest province and the capital of Austria. The city is a venue of many international congresses and fares. It is also the political and cultural centre of the country. The city is located in the Valley of Vienna and it is divided into 2 parts by the River Danube. Vienna has 23 districts of which the 1st district is the Old Town. Due to its historical and cultural values the city is a beloved tourist destination. Many people visit Vienna in December because the Christmas markets and the balls are organized in this month. Most of the sights of the city can be visited all year. The landmark of Vienna is the 97 m high St. Stephen's Cathedral (Stephansdom). The Hofburg, which consists of 18 buildings is situated at the Heroes Square (Heldenplatz). As Vienna is the city of music annually numerous concerts, operas, operettas are presented in the State Opera House (Staatsoper), in the Folk Theatre (Volksoper), in the Concert House and in the Institutes of the Musikverein. Those who are interested in the art works can choose among various galleries and museums such as the Albertina, the Art Histoty Museum (Kunsthistorisches Museum), the Natural History Museum (Naturhistorisches Museum), the Belvedere or the Leopold Museum. Many parks and gardens offer possibility to relax in the city: the Stadtpark, the Burggarten, the Volksgarten (part of the Hofburg), the Schloßpark at the Belvedere Castlel, the Donaupark, the park of the Schönbrunn Castle, the Prater, the Augarten and the Rathauspark at the City Hall. The north-western part of Vienna is called Döbling and it is famous for wine growing and wine (heurige). The other curiositie of Viennese culture are the nuerous cafés offering various coffe specialities. The Mariahilferstrasse with a lot of cafés, shops and restaurants is the main shopping street of the city.

Most important sights of the region: St. Stephen's Cathedral (Stephansdom), Hofburg, State Opera House (Staatsoper), Volksoper, Albertina, Art History Museum (Kunsthistorisches Museum), Natural History Museum (Naturhistorisches Museum), Belvedere, Leopold Museum, Spanish Riding School, Stadtpark, Prater, Schönbruni Castle and ZOO, Museum Quarter, Mariahilferstrasse, City Hall (Rathaus) | Contact us

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